Chile plans 6 green hydrogen projects by 2025 – pv magazine international


Spain has also launched its hydrogen mobility program for commercial use for the first time in the country, and the TSO Transgaz has called an extraordinary meeting to approve the company’s plans to invest in hydrogen, in particular by joining the European Hydrogen Backbone group. For its part, Kawasaki Heavy Industries announced that its liquefied hydrogen transporter, Suiso Frontier, had left Kobe for Australia. It is expected to return in February with what is expected to be the world’s first international delivery of liquefied hydrogen.

Chilean Corfo Development Agency selected six hydrogen projects with a cumulative electrolyzer capacity of 396 MW for development, which will be funded by public grants totaling US $ 50 million. According to Chilean articles shared by Corfo, the companies will be supported once they install the committed electrolyser capacity. The companies are Enel Green Power (US $ 16.9 million for 240 MW of electrolyser capacity), Air Liquide (US $ 11.7 million for 80 MW), Engie (US $ 9.5 million for 26 MW), LNG Quintero (US $ 5.7 million for 10 MW), CAP (US $ 3.6 million per million for 20 MW) and Linde (US $ 2.4 million for 20 MW). The selected proposals are expected to attract investments of US $ 1 billion and produce more than 45,000 tonnes of green hydrogen per year. The Chilean government, which has accepted 50% of the proposed projects, aims to have the six green hydrogen projects operational by 2025.

Spain has launched its first hydrogen mobility program, with the renewable energy giant Iberdrola producing green hydrogen for commercial use for the first time in the country. “This week, the first of eight state-of-the-art hydrogen fuel cell buses built by CaetanoBus arrived at a Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) depot. At the same time, Iberdrola has already started producing green hydrogen at its plant in Zona Franca, where these city buses will soon be supplied, ”Iberdrola wrote last week. After a period of testing without passengers, the vehicles will enter service in 2022. the most important industrial areas of the country.

Romanian gas TSO Transgaz called an extraordinary shareholders’ meeting on January 25 to approve the company’s plans to invest in hydrogen, including joining the European Hydrogen Backbone (EHB) group. “Being part of the European Hydrogen Backbone (EHB) initiative can create new opportunities for business development nationally and internationally,” the company wrote in mid-December. Transgaz also wants to partner with the Investment Fund of the Three Seas Initiative (I3M) to create a company investing in hydrogen and low carbon ready infrastructure projects. The Three Seas Initiative (3SI or TSI) is a forum of 12 states, in the European Union. Transgaz is expected to own 51% of the new company’s shares. This was not the only hydrogen development in the country. Romania Insider, an online magazine, reports that state-controlled power producer Hidroelectrica is considering green hydrogen production on an island in the Danube.

Japanese heavy industry Kawasaki announced that its liquefied hydrogen transporter, Suiso Frontier, has left Kobe for Australia. It is expected to return in February with what is expected to be the world’s first international delivery of liquefied hydrogen. The transporter, which can carry 75 tonnes of liquefied hydrogen in a single trip, was certified earlier this year. At Suiso Frontier, hydrogen is cooled to –253 ° C, shrinking to 1/800 of its volume in the original gaseous state. According to Reuters, the A $ 500 million (US $ 362 million, € 320 million) pilot project was originally scheduled to ship its first shipment of lignite-mined hydrogen to Australia in the spring of 2021, but was reportedly delayed due to the pandemic . The project is supported by the Japanese and Australian governments. The Australian AGL, which supplies lignite, is working with several companies, including Fortescue Future Industries, to explore the possibility of reallocating coal-fired power plants in Australia to produce 100% renewable green hydrogen.

A research team studying the potential of nanoparticles to store hydrogen has published their results in the journal American Chemical Society (ACS) ACS Nano, wrote German acceleration center DESY Monday. “A team led by Andreas Stierle of DESY laid the groundwork for an alternative method: storing hydrogen in tiny nanoparticles made of palladium, a precious metal, just 1.2 nanometers in diameter,” the press release. Palladium can absorb hydrogen like a sponge, but the release has so far been problematic. Researchers are trying to overcome the problem by using smaller palladium particles. “To make sure the tiny particles are strong enough, they are stabilized by a core made of iridium, a rare precious metal. In addition, they are attached to a graphene support, an extremely thin carbon layer … This results in a regular and periodic structure. According to the results, hydrogen adheres to the surfaces of the nanoparticles. “Nanoparticles can be represented as chocolates: an iridium nut in the center, wrapped in a layer of palladium, rather than marzipan, and coated in chocolate on the outside with hydrogen. To recover the stored hydrogen, just add a small amount of heat; the hydrogen is quickly released from the surface of the particles, because the gas molecules do not have to come out of the interior of the cluster. The team includes researchers from the universities of Cologne and Hamburg.

Rederi AB Gotland, Sweden’s oldest passenger transport company, is participating in a new research project led by researchers at Uppsala University to develop and secure sustainable solutions for hydrogen in ferry traffic. “The project aims to present a complete, sustainable and reliable system of non-fossil hydrogen to be implemented by 2030 and will thus study the entire supply chain, from power generation to the propeller” , the company wrote last week. The project will also study the possibility of using oxygen, a by-product, to oxygenate the seabed. The Swedish Energy Agency has awarded a two-year grant of more than SEK 3 million (€ 0.29 million) to the project. OX2, Linde Gas, Uniper and Bassoe Technology are also participating. On December 16, Rederi AB Gotland launched its concept of vessel for future Gotland traffic. It is expected to be Sweden’s first large-scale hydrogen-powered vessel for both passengers and freight. Using gas turbines in combination with steam turbines, the ship is expected to continue operations at the same speed as today. “Additionally, the multi-fuel function of gas turbines prepares them to handle other types of non-fossil fuels as technology develops and different fuels become available,” the Swedish company wrote earlier this month.

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